Memories of our lives, of our works, and our deeds will continue in others.”
Rosa Parks is an American civil rights activist – Mother of the freedom movement.
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake’s order to give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled.
Rosa Parks’ act of defiance and the Montgomery Bus Boycott became important symbols of the modern Civil Rights Movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation. She organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders, including Edgar Nixon, president of the local chapter of the NAACP; and Martin Luther King, Jr., a new minister in town who gained national prominence in the civil rights movement.
Parks was also active in the Black Power movement and the support of political prisoners in the US. After retirement, she wrote an autobiography and continued to insist that the struggle for justice was not over and there was more work to be done. Parks received national recognition, including the NAACP’s 1979 Spingarn Medal, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Congressional Gold Medal, and a posthumous statue in the United States Capitol’s National Statuary Hall. Upon her death in 2005, she was the first woman and third non-US government official to lie in honor at the Capitol Rotunda.
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